quinta-feira, 28 de julho de 2011


"O pleno só se sabe quando se atingiu.
Daí já virou passado... deixou de ser.
O presente é sempre incompleto,
e o futuro, uma eterna busca."


Como sugere Steve Jobs*, tem certas coisas que só é possível avaliar e entender olhando-se para trás (backwards), jamais enquanto se vive e presencia. A vida é um imenso e complexo quebra-cabeça de altos e baixos, que só faz sentido se analisar o realizado; qualquer outra coisa que esteja acontecendo pode ser simplesmente uma peça que se encaixará futuramente!

Eu conhecia o texto (abaixo), atribuído a ele* próprio, mas eu pensei que a excelente mensagem pegava carona na fama dele*. Este vídeo, em duas partes, mostra a verdade!

Você tem que assistir, ele pode mudar a tua cabeça.

Steve Jobs - Discurso em Stanford (completo, legendado) 14:41


Eis o discurso, na íntegra.
It does worth to read.

* This is the text of the Commencement address by Steve Jobs*, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, delivered on June 12, 2005.

"I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.
I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something - your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.
I was lucky - I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation - the Macintosh - a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me - I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

My third story is about death.
When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything - all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma - which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
Thank you all very much.

"Stay hungry. Stay foolish." =
"Esteja sempre ávido. Não seja totalmente lúcido."

11 comentários:

Ma Ferreira disse...

Martin...ouvi atentamente cada palavra deste discurso memorável. Ouvi com o coração acelerado. Quantas lições em tão poucas palavras. Quinze minutos de discurso.
E que lição.
E que simplicidade.
Ai me veio a cabeça após ouvir o video.
O que faz a diferença?
Para o sucesso de uns e o insucesso de outros.
O que faz com que um tenha força para seguir seus objetivos e outros desistem no primeiro empecilho.
De onde vem essa força. É privilégio de alguns?
É Deus que escolheu? Disse esse vai ter sucesso, esse não?
Não creio que seja isso.
O que faz a diferença pra mim são duas coisas fundamentais. O amor e a garra. Aquele sentimento de que eu posso. É ter um objetivo.
Muito do que ouvi nas palavras dele eu já ouvi no Brhma Kumaris, escola de meditação e espiritualidade que eu frequento.
É saber que tudo está interligo por uma força sutil.
Ouço lá, o que ele mencionou em seu discurso.
Muitas vezes lamentamos pela perda de algo, de um emprego. Ou algum fato que não esperávamos acontece.
Acredito que tais fatos são necessários para que criemos forças para crescer.
É como o atleta que vai na academia fazer exercicios fisicos e fica com os musculos fortes, enrijecidos.
As dificuldades fazem com que fiquemos mais fortes. Sao testes que vem para o nosso crescimento.
Se passamos neste texte, estamos prontos para outro.
Até que fiquemos fortes.
Acredito piamente que estamos no lugar certo e com as pessoas certas a nos rodear.
É com elas e é neste cenário que vamos aprender.
Quer seja a tolerancia, quer seja o perdão, etc...
Podia ficar aqui escrevendo o tempo todo, porque me empolgo com as coisas as quais acredito.
E ja passei por muitas situações em que precisei me superar.
Por duas vezes eu podia ter morrido. Mas o choque foi bom. Porque depois que sai do hospital comecei a dar mais valor a vida. A ser mais paciente e mais tolerante. Me veio uma calma que não existia em mim antes.
Acho que é por isso que sou tão empolgada. Porque dou valor a vida, porque Deus me deu uma oportunidade de depois dos problemas que tive, de voltar com força e viver cada dia de maneira mais feliz que posso.
Chega né..aff..
Se vc consegui me ler até aqui..rsrs parabéns..rsrs

Bj André..parabéns pela escolha deste video.


Vivian disse...


o passado que um dia foi
já passou, não existe mais,
não é assim?

por que o presente é incompleto
se ele é a única certeza que

quanto ao futuro,
acreditar nele ou não,
já falamos sobre isso
no messenger, lembra-se?

e este vídeo é fantástico.

a lição mais importante deixada
alí é que nunca devemos abrir
mão de nossos desejos,
sejam eles utópicos ou

e isso só é possível aos
destemidos, aos corajosos
que acreditam no poder
que tem.

bjs, moço que me faz pensar!

Iara disse...

So pra variar um pouco eu diria que o discurso é clichê basico de toda reuniao, entrevista e etc que a gente vai.

Mas... os cliches sao interessantes formas de nos dizer que estamos certos. Os outros é que não veem direito.

Mari disse...

Oi moço querido,

Que delícia ouvir/ler este discurso e encontrar eco, ao meu jeito de pensar e de viver.
Você me lê sempre e além disso me conhece, portanto sabe do que estou falando.
Eu também...costumo viver como se cada dia fosse o último, cuido de dizer às pessoas aquilo que sinto em relação a elas, digo muitos "eu te amo", "me desculpe", "obrigada", etc ao longo do meu dia.
Ensinei meu filho, que devemos prestar atenção até na forma como nos despedimos das pessoas...afinal, não sabemos se iremos estar aqui amanhã.
E sigo só o meu coração, é ele que me guia, que me norteia...não sei fazer de outra forma..meu querido.
Amei de verdade esta leitura para iluminar meu dia!
Um monte de beijo!

Acácia Azevedo Studio Pottery disse...

Perfeito André. Suas últimas postagens vêem superando uma a outra, como em um tempo nada Newtoniano, algo como um tempo vertical. Parabéns. Um brinde com a face da sol, um sorriso com a face da lua... A.

Cissa Romeu disse...

adooorei teu comentário por lá, só não posto ele como post, pois por acaso tenho um seguidor que é Batista!!! E não tenho nenhum que é dono de cervejaria rsrsr

Creio que o presente nem exista. O passado que se reflete no amanhã é o que temos. O hoje é uma mera ficção inventada para pensarmos nas coisas num tempo mais curto, planejarmos algo a curto prazo enfim,mas mesmo o curto prazo, já é o futuro.
Te prometo (e não sou política rsrs), que ouço depois com calma o discurso do videopost, ok?
Com certeza deve ser muito bom!

Cissa Romeu disse...

vi o vídeo como prometi. A parte que mais me chamou a atenção foi a que ele usa o provérbio romano: "viva o seu dia como se ele fosse o último, de repente você acerta", mais ou menos assim. Falando com isso, no sentido de nos encorajarmos a tomar decisões importantes. E aquela de se olhar no espelho e se imaginar no último dia... ele seria assim como hoje? Putz! Belíssima reflexão!

Andre Martin disse...


Fico feliz quando um post como este desencadeia comentários profundos e participativos como estes, como o seu.

Há vários pontos interessantes abordáveis, e cada um destaca o que mais lhe chamou a atenção e que valesse a pena ressaltar.

Eu acho ótimo!

Pode ser um discurso cheio de clichês (que discurso de formatura não seria?), mas o depoimento é autêntico e há muitas lições de vida a tirar dali. E toda interpretação é válida.

De algum modo, faz relembrar e reviver o que há de melhor dentro de cada um de nós.

E que o tempo é ligeiro e a vida é curta, portanto curta a vida (ainda é em tempo) e de bem com ela!


Juliana Lira disse...

Muito, muito bom! Quem é que tem todas as respostas nao é mesmo? E quem é que quer?
Eu quero sim, me manter criança e ir descobrindo uma cor nova a cada dia.
E que sobre a falta, porque a falta nos move pro todo, pra essa busca do que nos move, do que nos mantem, vivos...

Milhoes de beijos

Andre Martin disse...

Moral do discurso:

3 histórias de vida,
de um visionário,
incapaz de vislumbrar
o que tiraria de bom
depois daqueles momentos difíceis.

Andre Martin disse...

"Stay hungry. Stay foolish." =
"Esteja sempre ávido. Não seja totalmente lúcido."

Então lembre-se das 3 lições de Steve Jobs pra nós:

1) só se pode ligar os pontos olhando-se para trás; não se pode entender o que o futuro nos reserva até que nosso presente hoje seja nosso passado bem adiante

2) procure fazer aquilo que ama, e siga amando aquilo que faz; e as coisas acontecerão; se não acontecer, terá feito aquilo que sempre quis

3) a morte é a coisa mais certa, para todos, não há como escapar; mas esta certeza tem que nos fazer agir como seres vivos, todos os dias

"Ninguém quer morrer; mesmo aqueles que querem ir para o Céu, não querem morrer até chegar lá."

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